Expected achievements by implementing 73rd & 74th amendmentsPosted: May 22, 2012
Expected achievements by implementing 73rd & 74th amendments
Panchayati Raj Institutions; can compete with metros!
THE Purpose of THE CONSTITUTION 73rd ACT, 1992 in a nut-shell
Give the status and dignity of viable and responsive people’s bodies; with sufficient representation of weaker sections; like Scheduled Castes; Scheduled Tribes and women; by devolution of powers and adequate financial resources; to ensure; Panchayati Raj Institutions perform effectively as vibrant democratic units of self-government by imparting certainty, continuity and strength to them. Provide; among other things, Gram Sabha in a village or group of villages.
The purpose of, THE CONSTITUTION 74 th amendment in a nut-shell:
Is to ensure; Urban Local Bodies to perform effectively as vibrant democratic units of self-government; by ensuring firmer footing relationship between the State Government and the Urban Local Bodies with respect to-
(a) The functions and taxation powers; and (b) Arrangements for revenue sharing;
(ii) Ensuring regular conduct of elections;
(iii) Ensuring timely elections in the case of suppression; and
(iv) Providing adequate representation for the weaker sections like
Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and women.
Two other points need to be mentioned. The first is that while, for the most part, the 74th Amendment act deals with urban local bodies, a key article contained in that amendment applies to rural local bodies as well.
Article 243ZD, mandates the constitution of District Planning Committees to consolidate the plans prepared by both rural and urban local bodies.
In order to facilitate a well-planned husbanding of available resources, Panchayats and municipalities should be informed as early as possible of what they might be expected to receive by way of tied and untied funds under various budgetary heads for implementing various schemes.
This is an essential pre-requisite for each tier of the Panchayati Raj system to prepare plans for its areas of responsibility, as defined through Activity Mapping, and then for all these plans, along with plans of municipalities, to be “consolidated” by the District Planning Committees (DPC) as mandated by Article 243 ZD of the Constitution.
It needs to be underlined that the Constitution does not provide for DPCs to prepare district plans on their own, but to “consolidate” local area plans drawn up at lower tiers in both rural and urban areas of each district (A different provision of the Constitution covers district planning for Metropolitan areas).
Corruption free world; village that puts metros to shame! Sprit of Jan lokpal Read: https://sofjustice.wordpress.com/2012/05/21/corruption-free-world-village-that-puts-metros-to-shame/
THE CONSTITUTION (SEVENTY-THIRD AMENDMENT) ACT, 1992 http://indiacode.nic.in/coiweb/amend/amend73.htm
THE CONSTITUTION (SEVENTY-FOURTH AMENDMENT) ACT, 1992 http://indiacode.nic.in/coiweb/amend/amend74.htm
16th August Campaign with Anna Hazare(A Must Watch Video) http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=neNDT4ZpARc